Efficacy of tooth brushing via a three-dimensional motion tracking system for dental plaque control in school children: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Jin Sun Jeong, Kyeong Seop Kim, Jeong Whan Lee, Kee Deog Kim, Wonse Park

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: School children are in a developmental period in which permanent teeth replace primary dentition. It is also a period with a high incidence of gingivitis and caries, which can be improved with adequate tooth brushing. Advances in information technology have led to the development of smart health devices that assist in tooth brushing. We compared the effectiveness of computer-assisted toothbrushing using a toothbrushing instruction (TBI) method called the smart toothbrush and smart mirror (STM) system with that of conventional TBI (verbal instructions) for plaque control in school children. Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial analyzed and compared the reduction of the modified Quigley-Hein plaque index between the two methods in 42 school children. The participants were randomly assigned to the STM system group (n = 21) or conventional-TBI group (n = 21). The plaque indices were evaluated at baseline, immediately after TBI (day 0), and 1 week and 1 month after TBI. Results: The STM system and conventional TBI led to an average reduction of 40.50% and 40.57%, respectively, in whole mouth plaque. Reductions in the plaque indices within each tested time period were observed in both groups (P < 0.001), and the mean plaque reduction did not differ between the two groups (P = 0.44). Conclusions: The present study tested a computer assisted system for TBI, more studies are needed to confirm its usefulness in different objectives. Clinical relevance The computer-assisted STM system may be an alternative of TBI for children. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04627324) Registered 13/11/2020—Retrospectively registered, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04627324.

Original languageEnglish
Article number626
JournalBMC oral health
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Dentistry

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