Effects of postpolymerization conditions on the physical properties, cytotoxicity, and dimensional accuracy of a 3D-printed dental restorative material

Jang Hyun Kim, Jae Sung Kwon, Ji Man Park, Lucio Lo Russo, June Sung Shim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Statement of problem: Although the introduction of high-speed 3-dimensional (3D) printing technology has significantly reduced printing time, the time required for postpolymerization is a speed-determining step because of the long wait time. How postpolymerization conditions affect material properties is unclear. Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the physical properties, accuracy, and biosafety of a 3D-printed dental restorative material according to postpolymerization conditions. Material and methods: Specimens were prepared by 3D printing with a digital light processing 3D printer with 1 interim dental material (C&B MFH). All printed specimens underwent a postpolymerization process with 5 different postpolymerization devices and were designated as groups D1 (D102H), FO (Form Cure), LC (LC-3DPrintBox), ME (Medusa), and MP (MP100). The light intensity and temperature of each device were measured, and the Vickers hardness, flexural strength and modulus, degree of conversion (DC), cytotoxicity, and polymerization shrinkage were analyzed. Statistical analyses were conducted with 1-way analysis of variance, the Tukey post hoc test, and regression testing (α=.05). Scanning electron microscopy was used to assess the fracture surface characteristics of the specimens. Results: Light intensity was strongest with the ME device, and the temperature inside the device during postpolymerization showed the highest increase with the LC device and the lowest increase with the D1 device. The LC group specimens showed the highest mean Vickers hardness, and the MP group showed the lowest. The flexural strength was ≥100 MPa in all groups, with a flexural modulus ranging from 1.17 to 1.5 GPa. The DC results were similar to the physical properties test results. The D1, FO, LC, and ME groups all showed ≥70% cell viability, indicating no toxicity. The FO group showed the highest shrinkage rate of 0.52%. Conclusions: When the light intensity was strong, the surface was sufficiently hard, and toxic substances were not eluted even after a short postpolymerization time, suggesting that light intensity modulation and time management can be used to improve the postpolymerization process.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: Supported by the Technology Innovation Program ( 20001155 ) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE, Republic of Korea).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Editorial Council for The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery


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