Effects of manual lymph drainage on cardiac autonomic tone in healthy subjects

Sung Joong Kim, Oh Yun Kwon, Chung Hwi Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This study was designed to investigate the effects of manual lymph drainage on the cardiac autonomic tone. Thirty-two healthy male subjects were randomly assigned to manual lymph drainage (MLD) (experimental) and rest (control) groups. Electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters were recorded with bipolar electrocardiography using standard limb lead positions. The pressure-pain threshold (PPT) was quantitatively measured using an algometer. Heart rate variability differed significantly between the experimental and control groups (p < 0.05), but the PPT in the upper trapezius muscle did not (p > 0.05). These findings indicate that the application of MLD was effective in reducing the activity of the sympathetic nervous system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1117
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)


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