Effects of fiber shape, aspect ratio, and volume fraction on flexural behavior of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced cement composites

Doo Yeol Yoo, Soonho Kim, Gi Joon Park, Jung Jun Park, Sung Wook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

269 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the feasibility of reducing fiber content in ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced cement composites (UHP-FRCC). For this, three different types of steel fibers were considered, and three different aspect ratios were applied for the case of straight fibers. To quantitatively evaluate the cost effectiveness of reducing the fiber content of UHP-FRCC, cost analysis was also performed. Test results indicated that at low fiber volume fractions (Vf ≤ 1.0%), the twisted fibers provided the highest flexural strength, but they exhibited similar strength and poorer toughness than the straight fibers at a Vf equal to or higher than 1.5%. Smaller flexural strength and toughness were observed in the specimens with hooked fibers than those with straight ones at a Vf equal to or higher than 1.0%. In the case of straight fibers, the one with the highest aspect ratio was more effective in improving the flexural performance than those with lower aspect ratios. The medium-length straight fibers were most efficient at improving the flexural performance of UHP-FRCC at a Vf equal to or higher than 1.5%. The total production costs of commercially available UHP-FRCC could be reduced by as much as 32–35% by replacing short straight fibers with medium-length or long straight fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-388
Number of pages14
JournalComposite Structures
Volume174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of fiber shape, aspect ratio, and volume fraction on flexural behavior of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced cement composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this