We assessed the effects of medium-chain diacylglycerol (MCDG) oil on postprandial triglycerides (TGs) and plasma fatty acids through a clinical trial (NCT03415568; clinicaltrials.gov). Meal tolerance tests using muffins containing 15 g of MCDG oil (MCDG muffins, test) or long-chain triacylglycerol (LCT) oil (LCT muffins, control) were conducted. Blood samples were collected under fasting conditions (0 h) and at 2, 3, 4, and 6 h after muffin ingestion. Compared to LCT muffin consumption, serum TG and chylomicron-TG levels were significantly lower at 3 and 4 h and at 4 h, respectively. The area under the curve for serum TG and chylomicron-TG decreased approximately 13% after MCDG muffin consumption although the decreases were not statistically significant (borderline significance: TG AUC; p = 0.052, Chylomicron-TG; p = 0.081). Postprandial fatty acid levels (palmitic acid, stearic acid, and linoleic acid) were also decreased after MCDG muffin intake. These results suggest potential benefits of MCDG oil in postprandial lipid control.
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics