Effect of V-Groove Surface Pattern on the Tribological Properties of Epoxy

Byung Kook Kim, Kyeong Hee Kang, Ming Yu Gao, Jinseok Kim, Dae Eun Kim

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Epoxy is a polymeric material that is widely used in various fields as an adhesive, coating, and bulk material due to its outstanding properties. Many research studies on reinforced polymers have been conducted by adding micro/nanoparticles or fibers to attain better tribological properties. However, the tribological properties of patterning on the epoxy surface are relatively obscure. In this study, friction and wear properties of flat and V-groove patterned epoxy specimens were analyzed in dry and water lubricated sliding conditions to assess the effectiveness of the surface pattern in reducing friction and wear. It was found that under low applied force conditions in which the V grooves remained almost intact, the surface pattern contributed to decreasing the friction coefficient as much as 0.12 and increasing the stability of frictional behavior in dry sliding condition. This outcome was attributed to the ability of the grooves to trap wear debris inside the cavities. However, under water lubrication with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) particles used as additives, the V-groove specimens were less effective in reducing friction due to the relatively small contact area. As the contact area increased, the effect of water lubrication with PTFE particles in reducing friction could be enhanced. These results are expected to serve as a fundamental basis for designing and fabricating the surface of polymeric components for tribological applications in dry and lubricated conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-312
Number of pages11
JournalTribology Transactions
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT; No. 2020R1A2C2004714). This research was supported by a TRC Research Grant of the Korea University Medicine and Korea Institute of Science and Technology (Project No. 2V08590) and the Convergence Technology Development Program for Bionic Arm through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science & ICT (No. 2017M3C1B2085292).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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