Background: Anemia is not rare in patients presenting for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and as these patients are frequently on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), the coexisting conditions could potentially increase the risk of bleeding and transfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of tranexamic acid (TA) on blood loss and transfusion in preoperatively anemic patients who continued DAPT until within 5 days of off-pump CABG (OPCAB). Methods and Results: Seventy-six anemic patients were randomized into 2 groups: TA group receiving TA (1 g bolus followed by infusion at 200 mg/h) and a Control group receiving the same volume of saline. The amount of blood loss and transfusion requirement during, and at 4 and 24 h after the operation were assessed. Patients' characteristics and operative data were similar between the groups. During the perioperative period, which combined the intraoperative and postoperative 24 h data, the TA group received significantly smaller amounts of packed red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma. Total amount of perioperative blood loss was similar between the groups, although the blood loss during the postoperative 4 h was significantly less in the TA group. Conclusions: TA infusion could reduce the amount of transfusion during the perioperative period in patients with preoperative anemia who continue DAPT until within 5 days of OPCAB.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine