PurposeTo assess tear cytokine levels and clinical outcomes in meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) in the blind eye of patients wearing an ocular prosthesis after 2 months of treatment with topical loteprednol etabonate and eyelid scrubs with warm compresses.Patients and methodsThis study included patients with MGD wearing a unilateral ocular prosthesis for more than 1 year. All patients topically received 0.5% loteprednol etabonate and were instructed to scrub their eyelids with warm compresses on the prosthetic eye for 2 months. We evaluated tear cytokine levels using Multiplex Bead Immunoassays, performed biomicroscopic examination of the lid margins and meibomian gland, conducted meibography imaging, and assessed MGD-related ocular symptoms using a questionnaire for the prosthetic eye before and 2 months after treatment.ResultsThirty consecutive patients were included. There were significant reductions in the levels of interleukin (IL)-6, interferon-3, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor-α, and IL-1β (P<0.001 for each cytokine). Moreover, there were improvements in ocular symptoms (P=0.001), lid margin abnormalities (P<0.001), meibomian gland expressibility (P<0.001) and meibography findings (P=0.037).ConclusionTopical loteprednol etabonate in conjunction with eyelid scrubs and warm compresses were effective in treating MGD in prosthetic eye wearers. Furthermore, tear cytokine measurements may serve as an additional approach for evaluating the efficacy of anti-inflammatory treatment for MGD in prosthetic eye wearers.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program of the NRF funded by the Korean government, MSIP (grant number: 2015M3A9E2067031).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems