Effect of Smartphone Use on Intraocular Pressure

Eun Ji Lee, Hyunjoong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The rapidly increasing utilization of smartphones makes ophthalmic problems associated with their use an important issue. This prospective study aimed to determine whether using a smartphone to view visual material is associated with a change in the intraocular pressure (IOP), and to determine which groups of factors best predict the time-dependent increase in IOP with smartphone use. This study included 158 eyes (127 glaucomatous and 31 healthy eyes) recruited from Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. Participants performed a sustained fixation task consisting of watching a movie on a smartphone screen for 30 minutes continuously at a viewing distance of 30 cm. A small but statistically significant time-dependent increase in IOP was observed while viewing a movie on a smartphone, being 10.6 ± 3.1, 11.0 ± 3.3, 11.2 ± 3.4, and 11.6 ± 3.5 mmHg before and 5, 10, and 30 minutes after the fixation task, respectively (P < 0.0001). Recursive partitioning tree analysis revealed that a shallower anterior chamber (<2.32 mm) was the strongest predictive factor for faster time-dependent increase in IOP (0.68 mmHg/minute). A higher visual field mean deviation (≥–0.22 dB), and an older age (≥48 years) were the second and third most influential factors associated with the rate of IOP increase (0.59 and 0.15 mmHg/minute, respectively).

Original languageEnglish
Article number18802
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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