Effect of single tablet regimen on prescription trends for treatment-naïve patients with HIV/AIDS in Korea

Kyung Sun Oh, Gi Hyeon Seo, Hee Kyoung Choi, Euna Han

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Single-tablet regimens (STRs) should be considered for patients with HIV/AIDS to increase medication compliance and improve clinical outcomes. This study compared variations in the prescription trends between STRs and multiple-tablet regimens (MTRs) for treatment-naïve patients with HIV/AIDS after the approval of the new STRs, a proxy indicator for improvement in medication adherence. The medical and pharmacy claim data were retrospectively obtained from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service, which contains basic information on the patients’ sociodemographic characteristics and treatment information for the entire Korean population. From 2013 to 2018, a total of 6737 patients with HIV/AIDS were included. Most patients were men (92.8%, n = 6251) and insured through the National Health Insurance (95.1%, n = 6410). The mean number of pills in their antiretroviral treatment regimens decreased from 2.8 ± 1.2 in 2013 to 1.2 ± 1.0 in 2018. After the first STR (EVG/c/TDF/FTC) was approved in 2014, prescription transitions from MTR to STR were observed among more than 38% of patients. In 2018, most treatment-naïve patients were prescribed STRs (91.2%). There was a time lag for STR prescription trends in non-metropolitan hospitals compared with those in metropolitan cities. Our data provide a valuable perspective for evaluating ART regimen prescription patterns on a national scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2031
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

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© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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