Silicon carbide films have been grown onto graphite substrates by low pressure chemical vapor deposition using MTS (CH3SiCl3) as a source precursor and H2 or N2 as a diluent gas. The experiments were performed at fixed conditions of a flow rate of 100 sccm for each MTS and carrier gas, a flow rate of 300 sccm for diluent gas addition, and a total pressure of 5 torr. The effect of temperature from 900 °C to 1350 °C and the alteration of diluent gas species on the growth rate and structure of deposits have been studied. The experimental results showed that the deposition rate increased with increasing deposition temperature irrespective of diluent gases and reactant depletion effect increased especially at H2 diluent gas ambient. At MTS-H2 system, the deposition mechanism changed from chemical reaction to mass transfer controlled reaction with temperature. Otherwise, For MTS-H2-N2 system, surface chemical reaction controlled the growth process at whole deposition temperature ranges. For N2 addition, surface morphology of leaf-like structure appeared, and for H2, faceted structure at 1350 °C. The observed features were involved by crystalline phase of β-SiC and surface composition with different gas ambient.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Authors acknowledge the support of Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanical Engineering
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Science(all)
- Materials Science (miscellaneous)