Effect of density maximum of water on natural convection in a porous cavity

M. Eswaramurthi, P. Kandaswamy, J. Lee

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6 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of density maximum on heat transfer due to the buoyancy-driven flow of water inside a water-saturated porous medium with differentially heated sidewalls is studied numerically. The finite volume method is used to discretize the governing equations, which are solved by Gauss-Seidel and successive overrelaxation methods. The phenomena are discussed for different values of porosity, Darcy number, and Grashof number. The temperature distribution and flow fields are depicted in the form of streamlines, isotherms, and midheight velocity profiles in the figures. It is found that the effect of maximum density is to slow down the natural convection and reduce the average heat transfer. The strengths of convection and heat transfer rate become weak due to more flow restriction in the porous medium for a small porosity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-191
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Porous Media
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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