Effect of bio-scavengers on the curing behavior and bonding properties of melamine-formaldehyde resins

Sumin Kim, Hyun Joong Kim, Hee Soo Kim, Hwa Hyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of bio-scavengers on the formaldehyde emission, bonding strength, curing behavior, and thermal decomposition properties of MF resins for engineered flooring and adhesion for wood were investigated. Four varieties of bioscavengers, tannin powder, wheat flour, rice husk flour, and charcoal, were added to MF resin at 5 wt.-%. To determine formaldehyde emission and bonding strength, we manufactured engineered floorings. MF-charcoal was most effective in reducing formaldehyde emission because of its porous nature, but its bonding strength was decreased. Tannin powder and wheat flour, which contain more hydroxyl groups, showed higher bonding strength and curing degree than pure MF resin did. Although the hydroxyl groups of the bio-scavengers were effective in reducing formaldehyde emission and improve bonding strength and curing degree, rice husk flour and charcoal behaved like inorganic substances, thereby disturbing the adhesion between MF resin and wood and thus reducing the bonding strength. In thermogravimetric analysis, MF-tannin showed the highest thermal stability in the low-temperature range from 100 to 300°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1034
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sept 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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