Effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy with Chlorella and Curcuma extract on Streptococcus mutans biofilms

Hye Rim Hwang, Eun Song Lee, Si Mook Kang, Ki Ho Chung, Baek Il Kim

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) using natural photosensitive agents is an effective method for preventing oral diseases of bacterial origin. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of aPDT, using powdered extracts of Chlorella and Curcuma, on the biofilms of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), a bacterium that is known to cause dental caries. Methods: Commercially available powdered Chlorella and Curcuma extracts were used as photosensitizers. S. mutans, cultured for 2 days, was inoculated (0.1 ml; 1 × 109 CFU/ml) on the surface of a hydroxyapatite (HA) disc and incubated for 24 h to allow the formation of a biofilm. The HA disc with the S. mutans biofilm was immersed in either Curcuma extract (0.5 mg/ml), Chlorella extract, distilled water (negative control), or Listerine (positive control) for 1 min and then irradiated with an LED (Qraycam; wavelength, 405 nm; energy, 59 mW) for 5 min. Results: The application of aPDT with Curcuma or Chlorella extract to S. mutans 24-hour biofilms significantly decreased the number of viable cells and the live/dead cell ratio when compared with those in the negative control (distilled water; p < 0.05). Conclusions: aPDT using 405 nm light and Chlorella or Curcuma as a photosensitizer has significant antimicrobial effects against S. mutans biofilms. Thus, employing aPDT with natural plant extracts as photosensitizers could be an effective strategy for preventing dental caries but needs to be evaluated in properly controlled clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102411
JournalPhotodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Oncology
  • Dermatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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