Effect of air abrasion, acid etching, and aging on the shear bond strength with resin cement to 3Y-TZP zirconia

Song Hee Seo, Jong Eun Kim, Na Eun Nam, Hong Seok Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the effect of acid etching treatment on the surface microstructure, surface roughness, and surface contact angle of zirconia and compares the effects of air abrasion, different etching times, and aging on the shear bond strength (SBS) of resin cement on the zirconia surface. 480 specimens (9 × 10 × 10 mm) were divided into as-sintered and air-abraded groups, and each group was further subdivided into six groups based on etching time (0, 3, 5, 10, 20, and 30 min). The etching solution comprised hydrofluoric acid 25%, sulfuric acid 16%, hydrogen peroxide, methyl alcohol, and purified water. The shear bond strength (SBS), scanning electron microscopy, surface roughness, contact angle, and failure mode were measured. The results indicated that the mean SBS values increased and decreased significantly when the etching times increased to 20 min and 30 min, respectively, in both groups. Further, SBS after aging was lower than that before aging in all groups. Sandblasting, etching time, and aging all showed significant effects (p < 0.001) in the three-way analysis of variance. In addition, the surface roughness increased and the contact angle decreased significantly with an increase in etching time. Thus, the acid-etching treatment induced significant changes on the zirconia surface and increased the SBS of the resin cement. The results of this in vitro study suggest that acid etching is a promising alternative for zirconia surface treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105348
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Bibliographical note

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© 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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