Eco-friendly method of fabricating indium-tin-oxide thin films using pure aqueous sol-gel

Mirnmoy Misra, Deuk Kyu Hwang, Yoon Cheol Kim, Jae Min Myoung, Tae Il Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


An indium-tin-oxide (ITO) thin film with approximately 50 nm thickness was successfully synthesized on glass substrates by using a fully aqueous sol-gel process. The sol was prepared from indium nitrate hydrate and tin fluoride as a precursor. Thermogravimetric analysis confirmed that the sol converted into crystalline ITO at 286 °C. The optical band gap and transmittance of the thin film were observed to increase with annealing temperature and plasma treatment time. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmittance studies established that the number of oxygen vacancies in the thin film drastically increased with increasing temperature and plasma treatment. The annealing temperature and argon plasma treatment time appear to be key factors in reducing resistivity and increasing the transmittance of the thin film. A considerable decrease in the resistivity of the ITO thin film was observed after Ar plasma treatment. This eco-friendly sol-gel ITO thin film may find potential applications in n-type ohmic electrodes for ink-jet printable electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2927-2933
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Eco-friendly method of fabricating indium-tin-oxide thin films using pure aqueous sol-gel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this