In this paper, a complete non-linear symmetric oscillator model using the Hamiltonian approach has been developed and used to describe the cardiovascular conduction process’s dy-namics, as the signal generated from the cardiovascular muscle is non-deterministic and random. Electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is a significant factor in the cardiovascular system as most of the medical diagnoses can be well understood by observing the ECG signal’s amplitude. A non-linear cardiovascular muscle model has been proposed in this study, where a modified vanderPol symmetric oscillator-based equation is used. Gone are the days whena non-linear system had been designed using the describing function technique. It is better to design a non-linear model using the Hamiltonian dynamical equation for its high accuracy and flexibility. Varying a non-linear spring constant using this type of approach is more comfortable than the traditional describing function technique. Not only that but different initial conditions can also be taken for experimental purposes. It never affects the overall modeling. The Hamiltonian approach provides the energy of an asymmetric oscillatory system of that cardiovascular conduction system. A non-linear symmetric oscillator was initially depicted by the non-linear mass-spring (two degrees of freedom) model. The motion of an uncertain non-linear cardiovascular system has been solved considering second-order approximation, which also demonstrates the possibility of introducing spatial dimensions. Finally, the model’s natural frequency expression has also been simulated and is composed of the previously published result.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science (miscellaneous)
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)