Dynamic Range of the Peripapillary Retinal Vessel Density for Detecting Glaucomatous Visual Field Damage

Gyu Nam Kim, Eun Ji Lee, Hyunjoong Kim, Tae Woo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To evaluate the dynamic range of peripapillary retinal vessel density (ppVD) for predicting the severity of visual field (VF) damage in comparison with that of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (cpRNFLT) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and to determine the severity of VF damage below which progressive VF loss becomes undetectable based on either ppVD or cpRNFLT. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: One hundred thirty-three POAG patients having ppVD, cpRNFLT, and VF sensitivity (VFS) measurements evaluated using OCT angiography, spectral-domain OCT, and standard automated perimetry, respectively. Methods: Correlations between ppVD and VFS (vessel–function) and between cpRNFLT and VFS (structure–function) were assessed using both linear and fractional polynomial (FP) models. Davies’ test was used to determine the breakpoints for VFS below which progressive VF loss became undetectable based on ppVD or cpRNFLT. Main Outcome Measures: Comparison of the vessel–function and structure–function correlations, and the VFS breakpoints in each correlation. Results: Both ppVD and cpRNFLT exhibited significant linear correlations with VFS globally. In the temporal–superior, temporal, and temporal–inferior sectors, the correlations were explained better by the FP model than by the linear model for both ppVD (P ≤ 0.009) and cpRNFLT (P ≤ 0.008). The breakpoints for VFS in the vessel–function and structure–function correlations were –8.28 dB and –6.41 dB, respectively, in the temporal–superior sector, –11.83 dB and –8.42 dB, respectively, in the temporal sector, and –7.92 dB and –6.28 dB, respectively, in the temporal–inferior sector. Conclusions: The sectoral ppVD exhibits curvilinear correlations with VFS and has significant breakpoints below which the VFS decline becomes undetectable. The VFS breakpoints were lower for ppVD than for cpRNFLT, indicating that the dynamic range of ppVD is potentially larger for detecting more advanced VF damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-110
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmology. Glaucoma
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Academy of Ophthalmology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Medicine(all)


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