Dual-functional interconnected pebble-like structures in highly crystalline poly(ethylene oxide) membranes for CO2 separation

Hyo Jun Min, Miso Kang, Chang Soo Lee, Jong Hak Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-molecular-weight PEO (high-Mw PEO) has great potential for application in gas separation membranes owing to its low cost and great physical properties. However, high-Mw PEO-based membranes suffer from high crystallinity, which gives rise to nonselective structural defects or very low gas permeability. In this work, we synthesize defect-free, highly permeable high-Mw PEO-based membranes for CO2 separation through a one-pot process using macromonomers, that is, poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether (PEGDE) and branched poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI). Because of the crosslinking between PEGDE and PEI via the epoxide-amine reaction, the interconnected pebble-like structure of PEGDE-PEI (named as PEGDEI) is formed within the PEO matrix, which was observed by scanning electron microscope. This unique structure induces confined crystallization of PEO between the PEGDEI networks, effectively suppressing the formation of spherulitic crystalline defects confirmed by small-angle X-ray scattering and optical microscopy. Moreover, the interconnected amorphous PEGDEI structure with a large number of amine groups acts as a CO2 transport highway, thereby significantly improving the CO2 permeability. As a result, the PEO/PEGDEI membrane achieved the best performance at 70 wt% of PEGDEI loading, showing CO2 permeability of 201.1 barrer with CO2/CH4 selectivity of 15.7 and CO2/N2 selectivity of 49.3. This work suggests a facile strategy to apply low-cost high-Mw PEO as gas separation membranes by constructing dual-functional interconnected networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118363
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume263
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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