For the first time, double-deck WO3/BiVO4 inverse opal photoanodes (DDIO-WO3/BiVO4) were prepared by swelling-shrinking mediated polystyrene template synthetic routes, and the use of the photoanodes in photoelectrochemical cells under simulated solar light was investigated. The double-deck photoanodes represented the compact interface between WO3 and BiVO4, inheriting the periodically ordered macroporous nanostructure. More significantly, the DDIO-WO3/BiVO4 inverse opal photoanodes prepared from the optimized fabrication condition demonstrated a photocurrent that was ∼40 times higher than that of the pure inverse opal WO3 photoanodes at a bias of 1.23 V vs RHE. Even without an added catalyst, they produce an outstanding photocurrent density of ∼3.3 mA/cm2 at a bias of 1.23 V vs RHE, which profits from improving the poor charge carrier mobility of BiVO4 by combining it with a WO3 skeleton and a shrouded bilayer inverse opal structure with a large surface area and good contact with the electrolyte. (Chemical Equation Presented).
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© 2014 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry