Discovery of orally active indirubin-3′-oxime derivatives as potent type 1 FLT3 inhibitors for acute myeloid leukemia

Pyeonghwa Jeong, Yeongyu Moon, Je Heon Lee, So Deok Lee, Jiyeon Park, Jungeun Lee, Jiheon Kim, Hyo Jeong Lee, Na Yoon Kim, Jungil Choi, Jeong Doo Heo, Ji Eun Shin, Hyun Woo Park, Yoon Gyoon Kim, Sun Young Han, Yong Chul Kim

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21 Citations (Scopus)


FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3) is expressed on acute leukemia cells and is implicated in the survival, proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells in most acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Despite recent achievements in the development of FLT3-targeted small-molecule drugs, there are still unmet medical needs related to kinase selectivity and the progression of some mutant forms of FLT3. Herein, we describe the discovery of novel orally available type 1 FLT3 inhibitors from structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies for the optimization of indirubin derivatives with biological and pharmacokinetic profiles as potential therapeutic agents for AML. The SAR exploration provided important structural insights into the key substituents for potent inhibitory activities of FLT3 and in MV4-11 cells. The profile of the most optimized inhibitor (36) showed IC50 values of 0.87 and 0.32 nM against FLT3 and FLT3/D835Y, respectively, along with potent inhibition against MV4-11 and FLT3/D835Y expressed MOLM14 cells with a GI50 value of 1.0 and 1.87 nM, respectively. With the high oral bioavailability of 42.6%, compound 36 displayed significant in vivo antitumor activity by oral administration of 20 mg/kg once daily dosing schedule for 21 days in a mouse xenograft model. The molecular docking study of 36 in the homology model of the DFG-in conformation of FLT3 resulted in a reasonable binding mode in type 1 kinases similar to the reported type 1 FLT3 inhibitors Crenolanib and Gilteritinib.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112205
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry


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