Direct Evidence on Effect of Oxygen Dissolution on Thermal and Electrical Conductivity of AlN Ceramics Using Al Solid-State NMR Analysis

Jaegyeom Kim, Jong Young Kim, Heewon Ahn, Mu Hyeok Jeong, Eunsil Lee, Keonhee Cho, Sung Min Lee, Wooyoung Shim, Jae Hwan Pee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aluminum nitride, with its high thermal conductivity and insulating properties, is a promising candidate as a thermal dissipation material in optoelectronics and high-power logic devices. In this work, we have shown that the thermal conductivity and electrical resistivity of AlN ceramics are primarily governed by ionic defects created by oxygen dissolved in AlN grains, which are directly probed using 27Al NMR spectroscopy. We find that a 4-coordinated AlN3O defect (ON) in the AlN lattice is changed to intermediate AlNO3, and further to 6-coordinated AlO6 with decreasing oxygen concentration. As the aluminum vacancy (VAl) defect, which is detrimental to thermal conductivity, is removed, the overall thermal conductivity is improved from 120 to 160 W/mK because of the relatively minor effect of the AlO6 defect on thermal conductivity. With the same total oxygen content, as the AlN3O defect concentration decreases, thermal conductivity increases. The electrical resistivity of our AlN ceramics also increases with the removal of oxygen because the major ionic carrier is VAl. Our results show that to enhance the thermal conductivity and electrical resistivity of AlN ceramics, the dissolved oxygen in AlN grains should be removed first. This understanding of the local structure of Al-related defects enables us to design new thermal dissipation materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8125
JournalMaterials
Volume15
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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