Dirac-semimetal phase diagram of two-dimensional black phosphorus

Hyeonjin Doh, Hyoung Joon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Black phosphorus (BP), a layered van der Waals material, reportedly has a band gap sensitive to external perturbations and manifests a Dirac-semimetal phase when its band gap is closed. Previous studies were focused on effects of each perturbation, lacking a unified picture for the band-gap closing and the Dirac-semimetal phase. Here, using pseudospins from the glide-reflection symmetry, we study the electronic structures of mono- and bilayer BP and construct the phase diagram of the Dirac-semimetal phase in the parameter space related to pressure, strain, and electric field. We find that the Dirac-semimetal phase in BP layers is singly connected in the phase diagram, indicating the phase is topologically identical regardless of the gap-closing mechanism. Our findings can be generalized to the Dirac semimetal phase in anisotropic layered materials and can play a guiding role in search for a new class of topological materials and devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025071
Journal2D Materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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