Dietary zinc intake and incident chronic kidney disease

Young Su Joo, Hyung Woo Kim, Sangmi Lee, Ki Heon Nam, Hae Ryong Yun, Jong Hyun Jhee, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae Hyun Yoo, Shin Wook Kang, Jung Tak Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Background & aims: Previous studies have shown that dietary zinc intake is closely related to cardiovascular complications and metabolic derangements. However, the effect of dietary zinc intake on renal function is not fully elucidated. Methods: Data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study were used. Dietary zinc intake was assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire and dietary zinc density was calculated as absolute zinc intake amount per daily energy intake (mg/1000 kcal day). The participants were categorized into quartiles according to dietary zinc density. The primary end point was incident chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. Results: A total of 7735 participants with normal renal function was included in the final analysis. The mean age was 52.0 ± 8.8 years, 47.5% were male, and mean eGFR was 92.1 ± 16.1 ml/min/1.73 m2. The mean daily zinc intake and zinc intake density were 8.6 ± 3.4 mg and 4.4 ± 0.9 mg/1000 kcal, respectively. During a median follow up of 11.5 (1.7–12.5) years and 70,617 person-years of observation, CKD developed in 1409 (18.2%) participants. Multivariable cox hazard analysis revealed that risk for CKD development was significantly higher in the quartile with a mean zinc intake density of 3.6 ± 0.2 mg/1000 kcal compared with the quartile with a mean zinc intake density of 5.6 ± 1.0 mg/1000 kcal (Hazard ratio; 1.36; 95% Confidence Interval 1.18–1.58; P < 0.001). This relationship remained significant even after adjustments for confounding factors. Conclusion: Low dietary zinc intake may increase the risk of CKD development in individuals with normal renal function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1045
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Nutrition
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Dietary zinc intake and incident chronic kidney disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this