Diagnosis and prediction of periodontally compromised teeth using a deep learning-based convolutional neural network algorithm

Jae Hong Lee, Do Hyung Kim, Seong Nyum Jeong, Seong Ho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

235 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The aim of the current study was to develop a computer-assisted detection system based on a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm and to evaluate the potential usefulness and accuracy of this system for the diagnosis and prediction of periodontally compromised teeth (PCT). Methods: Combining pretrained deep CNN architecture and a self-trained network, periapical radiographic images were used to determine the optimal CNN algorithm and weights. The diagnostic and predictive accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, area under the ROC curve, confusion matrix, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using our deep CNN algorithm, based on a Keras framework in Python. Results: The periapical radiographic dataset was split into training (n=1,044), validation (n=348), and test (n=348) datasets. With the deep learning algorithm, the diagnostic accuracy for PCT was 81.0% for premolars and 76.7% for molars. Using 64 premolars and 64 molars that were clinically diagnosed as severe PCT, the accuracy of predicting extraction was 82.8% (95% CI, 70.1%-91.2%) for premolars and 73.4% (95% CI, 59.9%-84.0%) for molars. Conclusions: We demonstrated that the deep CNN algorithm was useful for assessing the diagnosis and predictability of PCT. Therefore, with further optimization of the PCT dataset and improvements in the algorithm, a computer-aided detection system can be expected to become an effective and efficient method of diagnosing and predicting PCT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-123
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Periodontal and Implant Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018. Korean Academy of Periodontology.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery
  • Periodontics


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