Development of spaceborne GPS receiver with real-time orbit determination using unscented Kalman filter

Eun Jung Choi, Jae Cheol Yoon, Byoung Sun Lee, Sang Young Park, Kyu Hong Choi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


Spaceborne GPS receiver is used for not only a primary tracking system for precision orbit determination on ground but also a core equipment to provide real-time ephemeris for onboard attitude control in many missions. In general, the position and velocity accuracy of GPS navigation solution without dynamic filter has 25 m(1 σ) and 1.0 m/s(1 σ), respectively. However, GPS navigation solution from most of spaceborne GPS receiver has abnormal excursions of about 4 km and 3 m/s from normal error range for space operation. These excursions have a negative effect on the attitude control system. In this research, a spaceborne GPS receiver, which includes real-time orbit determination function using unscented Kaiman filter(UKF), was developed to provide more accurate and robust real-time ephemeris. Dynamical orbit determination is a nonlinear problem where the perturbing factors are not easily modeled. Extended Kaiman filter(EKF) is one of the favorable approaches as the navigation state estimator. However, the divergence due to modeling errors, which EKF highly depends on a predefined dynamic model, is a critical problem. In this research, UKF algorithm, which uses a finite number of sigma points to propagate the probability of state distribution, was implemented for the nonlinear dynamic process modeling. And also, optimal UKF algorithm based on Kaiman minimum variance method was applied fro real-time calculations. 7 th order Runge-Kutta numerical integration was applied for orbit propagation and perturbations due to geopotential, gravity of the Sun and Moon, solar radiation pressure, and atmospheric drag were modeled. GPS navigation solution, which consists of position and velocity, was used as observation for UKF. The spaceborne GPS receiver hardware design is mainly built with the 12 channel L 1 C/A code baseband correlator and 32-bit floating point DSP microprocessor. The performance test of real-time orbit determination using UKF was implemented using the COSMIC navigation solution data in the DSP-based spaceborne GPS receiver.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication60th International Astronautical Congress 2009, IAC 2009
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event60th International Astronautical Congress 2009, IAC 2009 - Daejeon, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2009 Oct 122009 Oct 16

Publication series

Name60th International Astronautical Congress 2009, IAC 2009


Other60th International Astronautical Congress 2009, IAC 2009
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


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