Development of limit states for seismic fragility assessment of piloti-type structures verified with observed damage data

Junghoon Sohn, Insub Choi, Jun Hee Kim

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Limit states have been widely used as a threshold for classifying and evaluating building damage states either analytically or empirically, and current guidelines or codes generally provide the limit state as interstory drift ratio (IDR) for a single lateral-load resisting system. However, piloti-type structures in Korea have a vertically irregular system consisting of a moment frame for parking lots at the first story and a shear wall system for residential space at upper stories, making it difficult to evaluate the damage states against earthquakes using existing limit states. In this regard, new limit states for the typical piloti-type building structures were developed to evaluate the damage states probabilistically via seismic fragility assessments and verified with observed damage data using a damage probability estimator (DPE). The DPE was introduced as a probabilistic damage measure available from both analytical and empirical ways. First, a prototype model for the typical piloti-type structures damaged during the 2017 Pohang earthquake was proposed to simulate seismic demands in terms of both IDR and concrete strain. Second, strain-based limit states were examined and determined to use as an alternative to the existing IDR-based limit states. Finally, the new IDR-based limit states were developed on the basis of correlation between IDR and concrete strain to reflect local damage under vertical irregularity. The results revealed that the new IDR-based limit states were determined as approximately 30% reduction from the existing IDR-based limit states and the feasibility of the new limit states was validated with the observed damage data obtained from the 2017 Pohang earthquake. The seismic fragility function updated based on the new limit state could estimate more reliable damage states of the piloti-type residential buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113562
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (NRF-2021R1A2C2007064) from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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