Development of Korean hydrogen fueling station codes through risk analysis

Eunjung Kim, Kwangwon Lee, Jongsoo Kim, Younghee Lee, Jaedeuk Park, Il Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


When hydrogen fueling stations were constructed first time in Korea in 2006, there were no standards for hydrogen fueling stations. Hence the CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) station codes were temporarily adopted. In last three years, from 2006 to 2009, the studies for the development of hydrogen fueling station standards were carried out, with the support of the Korean government. In this study, three research groups cooperated to develop optimized hydrogen fueling station codes through risk analysis of hydrogen production and filling systems. Its results were integrated to develop the codes. In the first step to develop the codes, the standards for CNG stations and hydrogen fueling station were compared with each other and analyzed. By referring to foreign hydrogen fueling station standards, we investigated the potential problems in developing hydrogen fueling station codes based on the CNG station standards. In the second, the results of the high-pressure hydrogen leakage experiment were analyzed, and a numerical analysis was performed to establish the safety distance from the main facilities of a hydrogen fueling station to the protection facilities. In the third, HAZOP (Hazard and Operability) and FTA (Fault Tree Analysis) safety assessments were carried out for the on-site and off-site hydrogen fueling stations - currently being operated in Korea - to analyze the risks in existing hydrogen fueling stations. Based on the study results of the above three groups, we developed one codes for off-site type hydrogen fueling stations and another codes for on-site type hydrogen fueling stations. These were applied from September 2010.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13122-13131
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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