Development of kinematic ephemeris generator for Korea pathfinder lunar orbiter (KPLO)

Min Sup Song, Sang Young Park, Youngkwang Kim, Jo Ryeong Yim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a kinematic ephemeris generator for Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter (KPLO) and its performance test results. The kinematic ephemeris generator consists of a ground ephemeris compressor and an onboard ephemeris calculator. The ground ephemeris compressor has to compress desired orbit propagation data by using an interpolation method in a ground system. The onboard ephemeris calculator can generate spacecraft ephemeris and the Sun/Moon ephemeris in onboard computer of the KPLO. Among many interpolation methods, polynomial interpolation with uniform node, Chebyshev interpolation, Hermite interpolation are tested for their performances. As a result of the test, it is shown that all the methods have some cases that meet requirements but there are some performance differences. It is also confirmed that, the Chebyshev interpolation shows better performance than other methods for spacecraft ephemeris generation, and the polynomial interpolation with uniform nodes yields good performance for the Sun/Moon ephemeris generation. Based on these results, a Kinematic ephemeris generator is developed for the KPLO mission. Then, the developed ephemeris generator can find an approximating function using interpolation method considering the size and accuracy of the data to be transmitted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Korea Aerospace Research Institute as a part of the Lunar exploration program (NRF-2017M1A3A 9014638).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Korean Space Science Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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