Development of aqua epoxy for repair and strengthening of RC structural members in underwater

Sung Bae Kim, Na Hyun Yi, Hung Duc Phan, Jin Won Nam, Jang Ho Jay Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Aqua epoxy is developed for repair and strengthening of structural members located underwater in this study. Among two types of aqua epoxy, one type is used as an adhesive between structure surface and retrofitting material, which is called aqua primer adhesive (APA). The other type is used for impregnating fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets or reinforcing fibers, which is called aqua impregnation epoxy (AIE). To verify performance of APA and AIE and to obtain properties of the material, several tests such as pull-off strength test, bond shear strength test, and chemical resistance test, et cetera were carried out. The results showed that the developed aqua epoxies do not easily dissolve in wet conditions and do not create any residual particles during hardening. In spite of underwater conditions, it showed great workability and adhesion capacity, which are nearly equivalent to those used in dry conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3079-3086
Number of pages8
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research was supported from Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF, Grant No.: R01-2008-000-1117601) and the Korea Research Foundation (Grant No.: D00792). Also, the authors would like to thank the assistance of Dr. Woo Chul Lee of Conclinic Co., Ltd.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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