Development of a Structural Equation Model for ride comfort of the Korean high-speed railway

Joo Hwan Lee, Beom Suk Jin, Yonggu Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


This study is aimed at developing a Structural Equation Model for the ride comfort of the high-speed railway launched in South Korea (KTX: The Korea Train eXpress). The Structural Equation Model (SEM) was used to systematically explain passenger ride comfort and quantify the impacts and values of various factors found to be related to the ride comfort of a high-speed train. In order to develop the ride comfort model of the high-speed railway, both the qualitative and quantitative factors were investigated using an on-board passenger questionnaire. The influence of the qualitative factors such as fatigue (physical and visual) and medical symptoms was considered together with various interior design factors such as seat, cabin layout, cabin ambience and tunneling effect. Four hundred and fifty-three subjects participated in an on-board survey. As a result, the proposed SEM model showed statistical significance as well as a high level of model fitness (GFI = 0.928). According to the results, overall ride comfort was significantly affected by the seat-, fatigue- and interior-related variables, as well as customer satisfaction variables. It is expected that the results of this study could be useful for the enhancement of ride comfort in the next generation of the KTX. Relavance to industry: This study presents a model of ride comfort for high-speed rail. The developed model can be applicable to evaluate overall comfort as well as to quantify the impacts and scores of each qualitative factor on the overall ride comfort of trains or cars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the kind support of the KOrea RAILroad (KORAIL) National-2004-425 (the ergonomics study of the ride comfort model development for Korea high-speed rail). This study was jointly funded by KORAIL, KOSEF (KOrea Science and Engineering Foundation), and the Seoul R&BD Program (u-Computing Innovation Center).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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