Determination of cake porosity using image analysis in a coagulation-microfiltration system

Pyung Kyu Park, Chung Hak Lee, Sangho Lee

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57 Citations (Scopus)


Porosity of a cake layer formed through particle deposition plays an important role in the filtration performance of low-pressure membranes. An experimental analytical method for the direct measurement of cake porosity in a coagulation-microfiltration was developed using a CLSM and image analysis technique. A series of aggregates suspensions with different sizes and fractal dimensions were prepared with 0.1 μm of fluorescent polystyrene latex beads. Microfiltration of each suspension was carried out to form a cake layer whose porosity was measured using CLSM with an optical section of 2 μm and an image analysis program. To validate this method, measured porosities were compared with those calculated from specific cake resistances using the Carman-Kozeny equation. The two sets of porosities were in good agreement, confirmed statistically by a t-test. Based on this analysis technique, the effects of size and fractal dimension of aggregates on cake porosity and compressibility were investigated under various operating pressures. For low fractal dimensions the cake porosity was barely dependent on the fractal dimension of aggregates, whereas for high fractal dimensions it decreased with increasing fractal dimension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-72
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Foundation for International Cooperation of Science & Technology (KICOS) through a grant provided by the Korean Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) in 2006 (No. M6-0401-00-0163). The authors wish to thank the National Instrumentation Center for Environment Management (NICEM) for the use of the confocal laser scanning microscope system.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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