We report on a 20-year-old man with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) showing a distinct novel CBFB/MYH11 variant fusion transcript. Initial results of bone marrow, chromosome, and flow cytometric analyses were not in accordance with the diagnosis of acute myelomonocytic leukemia with eosinophilia (AML-M4Eo) or AML with a CBFB/MYH11 rearrangement. However, results from 2 commercially available multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests repeatedly showed an unusual PCR product from his bone marrow specimen. Not only does this case show a partial insertion of exon 6 of the CBFB (ENSG00000067955) gene, but it also involves novel breakpoints within both exon 6 of the CBFB gene and exon 28 (previously exon 7) of the MYH11 (ENSG00000133392) gene, which is regarded as a previously non-reported, new type (K-type) of CBFB/MYH11 fusion transcript. In addition, our study result was in agreement with the recent report of Schnittger et al. that rare fusion transcripts of CBFB/MYH11 are correlated with an atypical cytomorphology and other aberrant characteristics. Therefore, multiplex RT-PCR and sequence analysis of these atypical products should be performed to diagnose atypical AML with CBFB/MYH11 rearrangement, to predict prognosis of these patients as well as to elucidate the molecular mechanism.
|Number of pages
|Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
|Published - 2009 Mar
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research