A conceptual approach was used to design a new Ni-free austenitic stainless steel with a unique combination of ultrahigh strength and ductility. The concept was based on the alloying of the 0.05C-18Cr-12Mn (wt.%) steel by 0.39%N and heavy warm rolling (84% reduction) at 1173. K (900. °C) to achieve the yield strength of minimum 1. GPa and high tensile strength and elongation due to a proper stability of the austenite as a result of the optimized stacking fault energy (SFE). The yield strength of 1010. MPa, tensile strength of 1150. MPa and high fracture strain of 70% were measured for the steel designed. Dislocation and solid solution hardening mechanisms are introduced as the main contributors for the ultrahigh yield strength of the steel. The strain hardening is gradual and the hardening rate reaches a high level of ~2400. MPa at a high true strain of 40% due to slow α'-martensitic transformation and mechanical twinning. Consequently, the ductility of the designed steel is excellent.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering