Dentoalveolar compensation according to skeletal discrepancy and overjet in skeletal Class III patients

Sung Jin Kim, Kyung Ho Kim, Hyung Seog Yu, Hyoung Seon Baik

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20 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction This study was designed to investigate dentoalveolar compensation in untreated skeletal Class III patients with either positive or negative overjet. Methods The positive overjet groups consisted of 104 adults, divided into group 1 (angle between sella-nasion to mandibular plane (SN-MP) > 38, n = 30), group 2 (30 < SN-MP < 38, n = 43), and group 3 (SN-MP <30, n = 31). The negative overjet groups (groups 4-6) consisted of 90 adults who were closely matched to the positive overjet groups with regard to the ANB and SN-MP angles. Twenty-two cephalometric measurements were compared between the matched groups. In the positive overjet groups, correlation analysis was performed between the skeletal and dental measurements, and regression analysis was performed to determine the incisor-mandibular plane angle. Results The maxillary incisors were more proclined and the occlusal plane was more flattened in the positive overjet groups than in the negative overjet groups; however, there was no statistically significant difference between them with regard to mandibular incisor inclination. The inclinations of the maxillary and mandibular incisors were correlated with both the sagittal and vertical skeletal measurements. Eight regression equations for the incisor-mandibular plane angle were calculated with the highest coefficient of determination of 0.547. Conclusions Proclination of the maxillary incisors and flattening of the occlusal plane contributed to a positive overjet. Mandibular incisor inclination was more closely associated with sagittal and vertical skeletal discrepancies and was not affected by the incisal relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics


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