Long-term stability of intermediate liquid crystal pretilt angles on a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) ultrathin film grafted onto a surface was realized simply and easily via low-energy ion beam (IB) treatment. The composition and surface energy of the thin film could be controlled by varying the low-energy IB treatment. This treatment results in the permanent chemical modification of the film surface, converting it from organic PDMS to a mixed layer of organic PDMS and inorganic silica. The partial transformation of a PDMS surface gives rise to the control of the pretilt angle via the formation of the inhomogeneous surface and the stabilization of the pretilt angle via the cross-linking reaction of broken chemical bonds through IB irradiation. As a result, a continuous variation of pretilt angles that maintained their initial value with long-term stability was obtained. Thus, the unique chemical transformation of the PDMS surface using IB treatment may allow for the production of durable intermediate liquid crystal pretilt angles.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Apr 6|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces