Deformation behavior of magnesium in the grain size spectrum from nano- to micrometer

H. J. Choi, Y. Kim, J. H. Shin, D. H. Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the deformation behavior of magnesium produced by hot extrusion of ball-milled powders in grains ranging from 120 μm down to 60 nm in size. For microcrystalline magnesium, lattice dislocation interactions with grain boundaries and/or twin boundaries provide a Hall-Petch relationship between the flow stress and the grain size. The Hall-Petch slope is negatively deviated as the grain size is reduced below 1 μm since twinning offers an additional deformation mode. As the grain size is further reduced below 100 nm, twinning is significantly suppressed and a portion of grain boundary sliding for plastic deformation increases, providing an inverse Hall-Petch relationship. Microstructure observation, a negligible strain hardening rate, a relatively high index of strain rate sensitivity, and a low activation volume in compression tests also demonstrate the particular deformation behavior of nanocrystalline magnesium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1565-1570
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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