Distributed congestion control (DCC) improves system performance by lowering channel congestion in vehicular environments with high vehicle density. The 3rd Generation Partnership Project standard defines the related metrics of channel busy ratio (CBR) and introduces possible rate and power control mechanisms to mitigate channel congestion in cellular vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) sidelink. However, the DCC of C-V2X is not sufficiently specified to implement these controls. In this letter, we propose a novel DCC algorithm based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) to improve congestion control performance in C-V2X sidelink. The proposed algorithm allows the DRL agent to observe a CBR state and select the packet transmission rate that can maximize the reward of packet delivery rate (PDR) while maintaining higher channel utilization. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm provides performance gain in terms of PDR and sidelink throughput compared with the existing DCC method.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2012 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering