CU06-1004 modulates the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-associated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway and inhibits lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and high-fat diet-induced obese mice

Cho Rong Bae, Young Guen Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The endothelial dysfunction blocker CU06-1004 exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in chronic diseases. Obesity is a major cause of chronic inflammation, and the effect of CU06-1004 on obesity has not been studied yet. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the anti-obesity properties of CU06-1004 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and high-fat diet-induced obese mice. Methods: Differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with various concentrations of CU06-1004 (0–20 μg/mL) and subjected to Oil Red O staining to determine the levels of lipid droplet and intracellular triglyceride accumulation. Additionally, high-fat diet-induced obese C57BL/6J mice were administered with a low (10 mg/kg/day) or high (20 mg/kg/day) oral dose of CU06-1004. Finally, the expressions of genes and proteins involved in the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. Key findings: The CU06-1004 administration reduced lipid accumulation in the 3T3-L1 adipocytes by inhibiting the expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha, fatty acid binding protein 4, and fatty acid synthase in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, it significantly increased the phosphorylation of AMPKα and acetyl-CoA carboxylase in the 3T3-L1 adipocytes. An oral administration of high dose of CU06-1004 in the obese mice significantly decreased their body weight and the mesenteric white adipose tissue weight. Furthermore, CU06-1004 improved hepatic steatosis by reducing lipogenesis, besides improving insulin resistance and exerting systemic anti-inflammatory effects. Significance: CU06-1004 may have therapeutic potential in the prevention of obesity and obesity-related disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120440
JournalLife Sciences
Volume296
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'CU06-1004 modulates the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-associated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway and inhibits lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and high-fat diet-induced obese mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this