Objective: This study was conducted to assess the clinical usability of the zero-echo time (ZTE) technique of MRI for evaluating bone changes of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in comparison with CBCT. Methods: Twenty patients with TMJ disorder who underwent both CBCT and MRI were randomly selected. CBCT images were obtained with an Alphard 3030 device (Asahi Roentgen Ind., Co. Ltd, Kyoto, Japan). MRIs were obtained using a 3.0 T scanner (Pioneer; GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI, USA) and a 21-channel head coil. An isotropic three-dimensional proton-density-weighted ZTE sequence was acquired. Two radiologists evaluated 40 joints of 20 patients for the presence of the following osseous changes: flattening, erosion, osteophyte and sclerosis of the condyle; and flattening, erosion and sclerosis of the articular fossa. CBCT and ZTE-MRI assessments were performed at a 2-month interval. The prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted κ statistic was used to analyse interexaminer and intraexaminer agreement and the agreement between ZTE-MRI and CBCT. Results: Intraexaminer and interexaminer agreement analyses of ZTE-MRI showed high reproducibility (κ>0.80), which was comparable to that of CBCT. Flattening, osteophyte and sclerosis of the condyle and all types of bone changes in the mandibular fossa showed nearly perfect agreement between CBCT and ZTE-MRI (κ = 0.80-0.90). Erosion of the condyle showed substantial agreement between both sets of images (κ = 0.65-0.70). conclusions: It is suggested that ZTE-MRI provides clinically reliable images for bone assessment in TMJ disorder. MRI may become a beneficial diagnostic tool for patients with both TMJ disc and bone pathology, with advantages involving medical costs and radiation dose.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. Published by the British Institute of Radiology
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- General Dentistry