Statement of problem Different assessment methods have been used to measure the accuracy of implant impression techniques; therefore, the readers should understand the benefits and limitations of each assessment method used. Purpose The purpose of this systematic review was to classify the implant impression studies by the assessment methods and techniques used and to understand the characteristics of each assessment method. The results of published studies were also analyzed to draw meaningful conclusions about the accuracy of the implant impressions. Material and methods An electronic search of the MEDLINE/PubMed database was performed in February 2013 using specific search terms and predetermined criteria to identify and assess laboratory studies of the accuracy of implant impression techniques. A final list of articles deemed to be of interest was comprehensively reviewed by 2 reviewers to ensure that these were suitable for the purpose of this review. The results of the current review were also compared with results from a previous systematic review. Results A total of 56 studies met the inclusion criteria for this review. Thirty-seven studies measured the amount of linear distortion, and 17 studies compared the angular change to assess the accuracy. Most linear or angular distortions were only measured in 2 dimensions, and 3-dimensional analysis was rare. More than 80% of the studies compared nonsplinting versus splinting, direct versus indirect techniques, and different impression materials. Conclusions In recent publications, the direct or splint technique showed more accurate results than the indirect or nonsplinted technique. In contrast to external connection implants, inconsistent results were reported for internal connection implants.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Editorial Council for the Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery