Correlation between pore characteristics and tensile bond strength of additive manufactured mortar using X-ray computed tomography

H. Lee, Jang Ho Jay Kim, Jae Heum Moon, Won Woo Kim, E. A. Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, researches on additive manufacturing (AM) method have been actively carried out as the latest technique for building concrete structures in the construction field. It is known that the additive manufacturing method, also called 3D printing technique, is a method of constructing a structure by printing layers, and the adhesion strength in the interlayer between the layers plays a dominant role in the performance of the structure. In this study, we focused on the formation of interlayer of concrete structure built using additive manufacturing method. In this study, the position of the interlayer was analyzed using the computed tomography (CT) method and the correlation between porosity and tensile bond strength in the analyzed interlayer was tried. As a result of the CT analysis of 13 specimens extracted from the printed specimens, it was confirmed that the porosity was formed high in the interlayer. The porosity of the interlayer was at least 2.15% and 6.66% higher than the average porosity. After analyzing the porosity by CT, the tensile bond strength of the specimens was measured to confirm the tensile bond strength and location of the fracture surface. Tensile bond strengths were 2.58–3.77 MPa with an average of 2.80 MPa using 10 specimens. It was confirmed that all of the fracture surfaces occurred along the interlayer. It was confirmed that there was no correlation between the tensile bond strength and porosity of the test specimens used in this study. Six of the ten specimens failed in the other interlayer, but four specimens failed in the interlayer with the highest porosity. As a result of analysis of the fracture surfaces of six specimens without fracture at the highest porosity, the porosity at the fracture surface was 5.73–9.18%, which was higher by 0.6–3.3% than the average porosity. However, defects occurred during layer output were confirmed from the failure of six specimens. Through this study, we confirmed that the interlayer is the weakest when tensile stress is applied in the perpendicular direction of printing, and that it is necessary to review the defects when applying the printing method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-720
Number of pages9
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 30

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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