While hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has led to higher survival rates, the number of patients experiencing adverse reactions is also increasing. Based on the symptom management model, we aimed to analyze the relationships between symptom experience, symptom management strategies, self-management behavior, and quality of life among patients undergoing HSCT in South Korea and to identify the factors affecting their quality of life. The data of 67 conveniently sampled patients undergoing HSCT at a university-affiliated hospital, for the period from March 23 to June 7, 2016, were collected using a self-reported structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlations and multiple regression analysis. Quality of life showed a significant negative correlation with symptom experience and significant positive correlations with symptom management strategies. Factors influencing quality of life included symptom distress, symptom management strategies, and self-management behavior; these explained 39.4% of the variance. To improve quality of life in patients undergoing HSCT, the efficient management of multiple co-existing symptoms is important. There is a need for tailored nursing interventions based on a patient-focused and person-centered approach for patients undergoing HSCT.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was partially supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No.2020R1A6A1A03041989).
© 2022, The Author(s).
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