This paper proposes a method for designing base station (BS) clusters and cluster patterns for pair-wise BS coordination. The key idea is that each BS cluster is formed by using the second-order Voronoi region, and the BS clusters are assigned to a specific cluster pattern by using edge-coloring for a graph drawn by Delaunay triangulation. The main advantage of the proposed method is that the BS selection conflict problem is prevented, while users are guaranteed to communicate with their two closest BSs in any irregular BS topology. With the proposed coordination method, analytical expressions for the rate distribution and the ergodic spectral efficiency are derived as a function of relevant system parameters in a fixed irregular network model. In a random network model with a homogeneous Poisson point process, a lower bound on the ergodic spectral efficiency is characterized. Through system level simulations, the performance of the proposed method is compared with that of conventional coordination methods: dynamic clustering and static clustering. Our major finding is that, when users are dense enough in a network, the proposed method provides the same level of coordination benefit with dynamic clustering to edge users.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering