Concrete fracture prediction using bilinear softening

Jeffrey Roesler, Glaucio H. Paulino, Kyoungsoo Park, Cristian Gaedicke

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185 Citations (Scopus)


A finite element-based cohesive zone model was developed using bilinear softening to predict the monotonic load versus crack mouth opening displacement curve of geometrically similar notched concrete specimens. The softening parameters for concrete material are based on concrete fracture tests, total fracture energy (GF), initial fracture energy (Gf), and tensile strength (ft), which are obtained from a three-point bending configuration. The features of the finite element model are that bulk material elements are used for the uncracked regions of the concrete, and an intrinsic-based traction-opening constitutive relationship for the cracked region. Size effect estimations were made based on the material dependent properties (Gf and ft) and the size dependent property (GF). Experiments using the three-point bending configuration were completed to verify that the model predicts the peak load and softening behavior of concrete for multiple specimen depths. The fracture parameters, based on the size effect method or the two-parameter fracture model, were found to adequately characterize the bilinear softening model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-312
Number of pages13
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This paper was prepared from a study conducted in the Center of Excellence for Airport Technology, funded by the Federal Aviation Administration under Research Grant Number 95-C-001 and the University of Illinois. The contents of this paper reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and accuracy of the data presented within. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views and policies of the Federal Aviation Administration. This paper does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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