Computational Modeling for Antiarrhythmic Drugs for Atrial Fibrillation According to Genotype

Inseok Hwang, Je Wook Park, Oh Seok Kwon, Byounghyun Lim, Myunghee Hong, Min Kim, Hee Tae Yu, Tae Hoon Kim, Jae Sun Uhm, Boyoung Joung, Moon Hyoung Lee, Hui Nam Pak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The efficacy of antiarrhythmic drugs (AAD) can vary in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and the PITX2 gene affects the responsiveness of AADs. We explored the virtual AAD (V-AAD) responses between wild-type and PITX2+/−-deficient AF conditions by realistic in silico AF modeling. Methods: We tested the V-AADs in AF modeling integrated with patients' 3D-computed tomography and 3D-electroanatomical mapping, acquired in 25 patients (68% male, 59.8 ± 9.8 years old, 32.0% paroxysmal type). The ion currents for the PITX2+/− deficiency and each AAD (amiodarone, sotalol, dronedarone, flecainide, and propafenone) were defined based on previous publications. Results: We compared the wild-type and PITX2+/− deficiency in terms of the action potential duration (APD90), conduction velocity (CV), maximal slope of restitution (Smax), and wave-dynamic parameters, such as the dominant frequency (DF), phase singularities (PS), and AF termination rates according to the V-AADs. The PITX2+/−-deficient model exhibited a shorter APD90 (p < 0.001), a lower Smax (p < 0.001), mean DF (p = 0.012), PS number (p < 0.001), and a longer AF cycle length (AFCL, p = 0.011). Five V-AADs changed the electrophysiology in a dose-dependent manner. AAD-induced AFCL lengthening (p < 0.001) and reductions in the CV (p = 0.033), peak DF (p < 0.001), and PS number (p < 0.001) were more significant in PITX2+/−-deficient than wild-type AF. PITX2+/−-deficient AF was easier to terminate with class IC AADs than the wild-type AF (p = 0.018). Conclusions: The computational modeling-guided AAD test was feasible for evaluating the efficacy of multiple AADs in patients with AF. AF wave-dynamic and electrophysiological characteristics are different among the PITX2-deficient and the wild-type genotype models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number650449
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 13

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Mr. John Martin for his linguistic assistance. Funding. This work was supported by a grant (HI19C0114) from the Ministry of Health and Welfare. Additionally, the work was funded by grants (NRF-2019R1C1C100907512) and (NRF-2020R1A2B01001695) from the Basic Science Research Program run by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) under the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP). This work was supported by the Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University.

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 Hwang, Park, Kwon, Lim, Hong, Kim, Yu, Kim, Uhm, Joung, Lee and Pak.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Computational Modeling for Antiarrhythmic Drugs for Atrial Fibrillation According to Genotype'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this