Objective: To examine the morphologic similarities and differences in mandibular condyle and glenoid fossa between the deviated and non-deviated sides in patients with facial asymmetry using statistical analysis. Methods: One hundred eighty-four patients (95 men, 89 women; mean age, 22.30 ± 3.87 years) with facial asymmetry were examined with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Shape analysis was performed to compare the shapes and sizes of the condyle and fossa between the deviated and non-deviated sides in the frontal and lateral aspects. Ordinary Procrustes analysis (OPA) was used to determine shape variations of the fossa and condyle. Results: Shape variations derived from ordinary sum of squares (OSS) suggested that, in the frontal aspect, there was a difference between the two sides in both the fossa and condyle (P < 0.05). In the lateral aspect, there was no difference in fossa shape between the two sides (P > 0.05); however, the shape of condyle was different between the non-deviated and deviated sides (P < 0.05). Size comparison in OPA matching and centroid size (CS) in the frontal aspect demonstrated that the non-deviated side was larger than the deviated side. In the lateral aspect, fossa showed no difference in CS between the two sides (P > 0.05); however, the non-deviated side was larger than the deviated side for condyle (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Morphometric differences in condyle and fossa between the deviated and non-deviated sides were observed. Structures of the non-deviated side were relatively larger than those of the deviated side, except for fossa in the lateral aspect.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018, Japanese Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Dentistry (miscellaneous)
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging