Comparison of lightweight aggregate and foamed concrete with the same density level using image-based characterizations

Sang Yeop Chung, Mohamed Abd Elrahman, Ji Su Kim, Tong Seok Han, Dietmar Stephan, Pawel Sikora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Lightweight concrete is a special type of concrete with low density and advanced insulation, mainly produced using lightweight aggregates or a cellular matrix. Concrete material made of lightweight aggregates is called lightweight aggregate concrete, while material made from a cellular matrix is generally called foamed concrete because of the pores introduced by a foaming agent. Both lightweight concrete types have different characteristics due to their different compositions. In this study, the material properties and characteristics of these lightweight concretes were investigated and compared. A series of foamed and lightweight aggregate concrete specimens with the same density level were produced, with their mechanical and thermal properties being evaluated using sensitive measurement tools. X-ray micro-computed tomography (μ-CT) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize each material, using image-based techniques. The results brought to light the details of each lightweight concrete, at the microstructural level, in regard to their material properties and showed that the properly designed lightweight aggregate concrete can be more beneficial in mechanical performance by minimizing the loss of the insulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)988-999
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 30

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The project is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF, Project Number: 13XP5010B and 01DR16007 ). This work is also supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( 2016R1A6A3A03007804 , NRF-2015K1A3A1A59073929 , and NRF-2016R1D1A1B03931635 ). In addition, the authors want to thank Dr. Paul H. Kamm (Helmholtz Centre Berlin) for his assistance in X-ray -CT imaging.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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