Comparison of clinical outcomes between vector planning and manifest refraction planning in SMILE for myopic astigmatism

Ikhyun Jun, David Sung Yong Kang, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Dan Z. Reinstein, Timothy J. Archer, Seung Ki Jean, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Hyung Keun Lee, Tae Im Kim

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To compare clinical outcomes of small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) between manifest refraction (MR) and vector planning for myopic astigmatism with high ocular residual astigmatism (ORA). Setting: Yonsei University College of Medicine and Eyereum Eye Clinic, Seoul, South Korea. Design: Prospective, randomized, comparative case series. Methods: Patients with myopic astigmatism and ORA of 0.75 diopters (D) or greater were randomized into the MR or vector planning group and underwent SMILE without applying any nomogram for cylinder correction. Visual acuity, MR, corneal topography, and corneal aberration were measured preoperatively and postoperatively. Outcomes at 6 months postoperatively were compared between the groups. Results: The study comprised 114 patients (114 eyes): 58 eyes in MR planning and 56 eyes in vector planning. The mean uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity, safety and efficacy indices were comparable between the 2 groups. Postoperative refractive cylinder reached statistically significant differences between the groups (-0.22 ± 0.18 D and -0.14 ± 0.16 D in the MR and vector planning groups, respectively, P = .02). Postoperative corneal toricity and ORA reached statistically significant lower in the vector planning group. Conclusions: In myopic astigmatism with high ORA, MR and vector planning in SMILE were effective with comparable visual outcomes; vector planning showed statistically significant lower postoperative refractive and corneal astigmatism and ORA. Use of vector planning may improve refractive outcomes in SMILE cases with high ORA. However, the results may have been different had a nomogram adjustment been applied, as is often used for cylinder corrections with SMILE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1158
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (NRF-2019R1F1A1062468). The funding organization had no role in the design or conduct of this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Published by Wolters Kluwer on behalf of ASCRS and ESCRS.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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