Comparison of citrate-nitrate gel combustion and precursor plasma spray processes for the synthesis of yttrium aluminum garnet

P. Sujatha Devi, Yongjae Lee, Joshua Margolis, John B. Parise, Sanjay Sampath, Herbert Herman, Jonathan C. Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of synthesis conditions on the formation of yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) powders starting from the same solution precursors was investigated by employing a citrate-nitrate gel combustion process and a precursor plasma spraying technique. YAG powders were formed at ≥500°C, through the citrate-nitrate gel combustion process, without any intermediate phase formation. Time-resolved x-ray experiments were performed for the first time on these citrate-nitrate precursor materials to understand their mode of decomposition. The in situ data confirmed a single-step conversion to YAG from the precursor powder without any intermediate phase formation. Ex situ experiments also produced similar results. However, the use of the same citrate-nitrate precursor solution as a liquid feedstock material in the precursor plasma spraying technique revealed an entirely different transformation mechanism to YAG through intermediate phases like H-YAlO3 and O-YAlO3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2846-2851
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) program of the National Science Foundation to the Center for Thermal Spray Research (CTSR) under Award No. DMR-0080021. P.S.D. was on leave of absence from Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Calcutta, India. The work at NSLS X7B was supported under contract DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the United States Department of Energy by its Division of Chemical Sciences, Office of Basic Energy Research.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of citrate-nitrate gel combustion and precursor plasma spray processes for the synthesis of yttrium aluminum garnet'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this